The Demographics of Aging...
Fifty million aging Baby Boomers are sparking demand for products and environments that accommodate their changing physical and sensory capabilities.
Human Aging— A Recent Phenomenon
NEVER BEFORE IN HUMAN HISTORY has our planet contained so many older people— or such a large percentage of them. This has not always been the case. As late as 1930, America's older population numbered less than 7 million—only 5.4% of the population.
Today, one in three Americans is now 50 or older. By 2030 one in five U.S. residents will be 65 and older. One out of every 8 Americans is considered "old" and represent 12.9% of the U.S. population. Those age 65 and older numbered 41.5 million in 2012, a number that has continued to explode.
The U.S. Census Bureau brief on data from the 2010 Census shows seniors increasing faster than younger populations, raising the nation's median age from 35.3 in 2000 to 37.2 in 2010, with seven states having a median age of 40 or older.
In the year 2000, people 65+ represented 12.4% of the population—a number expected to swell to 19% of the population by 2030. Between 2000 and 2010, the 45 to 64 population grew 31.5 percent to 81.5 million, and now makes up 26. 4 percent of the total U.S. population. This rapid growth is due to aging of the Baby Boom generation.
January 2011 ushered in the first of approximately 77 million Baby Boomers, born from 1946 through 1964 and surging toward the gates of retirement. Each year more than 3.5 million Boomers turn 55. Their swelling numbers predict that, by 2030, there will be about 72.1 million older persons, more than twice their number in 2000.
to the UN Population
in 5 people
to be 65 or
older by 2035.This
us to live
20 to 25%
of our lives
will be better
and, as individuals,
The Elderly Sub-Population
The "Old" 74-84
The "Oldest-Old" 85+
Elderly Boomers Will be Different
They'll continue to bike, hike, swim, sail, and ski—play softball and basketball. They'll move to the mountains, beaches, islands, college towns— where the physical and intellectual action is.
A survey by Del Web showed that half of them expect to work at least part-time once they retire. And they'll want offices in their homes—with highspeed internet connections for those two or more computers, which 40 percent of them already own. As LeRoy Hanneman, president and CEO of Del Web says...
A Recent Global Phenomenon
Projected Acceleration of Population Aging
ON AGING reports
that in 2009
the older population
of those 65
and older was
of the U.S.
or about one
in every eight
Back in 2000, people aged 65 and older represented 12.4 percent of the population. By 2030, there will be about 72.1 million older persons, more than twice their 2000 number.
HERE ARE THE PREDICTIONS:
One of Nine Americans is Old
SOME SURPRISING FACTS:
Why the Population is Aging
AGE DYNAMICS - Past variations in birth and death rates affect the evolution of a country's age structure (i.e., the 1946-1964 baby boom in the United States)
Life Expectancy at an All Time High
According to the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention, life expectancy at birth has risen to a new high of nearly 78 years. Today, a newborn infant can expect to live for 78.3 years
Two thousand years ago the average Roman could expect to live 22 years. Those born in 1900 could only expect to live 47.3 years.
By 1930, life expectancy had risen to 59.7 years, rising again in 1960 to 69.7 years. Continuing its dramatic rise, life expectancy increased 1.4 years from 76.5 in 1997 to 77.9 in 2007.
in life expectancy
is not accidental.
and new surgical
While heart disease and cancer, the two leading causes of death, accounted for nearly half (48.5 percent) of all deaths in 2007, mortality rates declined significantly for eight of the 15 leading causes of death:
influenza and pneumonia (down 8.4 percent)
homicide (down 6.5 percent)
accidents (down 5 percent)
heart disease (down 4.7 percent)
stroke (down 4.6 percent)
diabetes (down 3.9 percent)
hypertension (down 2 .7 percent)
cancer (down 1.8 percent)
Put in perspective, life expectancy at age 65 has increased more in the last 30 years than the entire 200-year period from 1750 to 1950. Today, a person age 65 can expect to live another 15 years. A man of 75 has a 50-50 chance of reaching 84; a woman, 86.
Increased Longevity for All
ALSO IMPORTANT TO REMEMBER—older people are not the only beneficiaries of increased longevity. Life expectancy has increased dramatically for those in infancy, childhood, and even early adulthood due to improved medical breakthroughs in solving problems with birth, early infancy disorders, and contagious diseases.
and we can
see the reasons
and why most
The longer you live, the longer you're likely to live!
A Skewed Sex Ratio
It's a woman's world.
WE TEND TO IGNORE THIS FACT: Women live longer than men — and this has consequences!
As the world's population grows steadily older, it also becomes predominantly more female. In 2008 alone, an estimated 62 million more women than men lived to age 65 and over.
Today, the 2010 U.S. Census bureau splits the American population 49.2% male and 50.8% female. As their share of the population increases with age, women characteristically comprise the majority of the older population in the majority of countries throughout the world.
The ratio changes.
The sex ratio (the number of men per 100 women) also changes over the human life span. Surprisingly, 105 male births occur for every 100 female births. As time passes, the number of males continues to exceed females until the third decade (20-29). From that age on, women increasingly outnumber men.
For every 100 females In the 65-74 age group, we find only 86 males. Their number continues to drops to 72 in the 75-84 age group. For the old-old groups (85 and older) the sex ratio becomes even more pronounced expanding to an astounding 49 men for every 100 women.
But the gap in mortality between men and women that occurs in the older ages continues to narrow. The 2010 Census reports there were approximately twice as many women as men at age 89. This point occurs about 4 years older than it did in 2000, and six years older than it did in 1990, evidence of the narrowing gap .
Still, the higher mortality rates for men, beginning at birth and continuing throughout the life course, result in increasingly fewer men than women tallied within each of the elderly sub-populations.
The implications are self evident...
Desiging for an aging population means designing for a gender imbalance of older females.
Race and Ethnicity
One would expect to find older people to be similarly distributed among racial/ethnic sub-populations. But this is not the case.
The older population is becoming increasingly more racially and ethnically diverse as the overall minority population grows and experiences increased longevity.
in FIVE Americans
are of MINORITY
They break down like this:
America's largest and fastest growing minority population is Hispanicmaking up 15% of the total U.S. population. With a life expectancy of nearly 81 years, they outlive whites by 2.5 years and blacks by almost eight years. By 2019 they will be the largest racial/ethnic minority in this age group.
The population of older Hispanics was 2.7 million in 2008—or 6.8 percent of the populaton. Their number is projected to swell to over 17 million by 2050 and account for 19.8 percent of America's older population.
Black or African American
In 2008, 3.2 million Blacks or African Americans accounted for 8.3 percent of the older population. Their number is projected to grow to over 9.9 million and reach 11 percent by 2050.
Asian, Hawaiian & Pacific Islanders
In 2008, this segment contained over 1.3 million people, accounting for 3.4 percent of Americns aged 65 and older. By 2050, their number is projected to reach over 7.6 million, accounting for 8.6 percent of the older population.
American Indian and Native Alaskan
The American Indian and Native Alaskin older population was 212,605 in 2007 and accounted for 0.6 percent of the older population.Their number is projected to grow to almost 918,000 by 2050.
Our Mixed Heritage
An additional 156,794 persons 65 and older consider themselves to be American Indians or Alaska Natives along with another race category. Thus, a total of 369,399 persons 65 and older report having Amerian Indian or Alaska Native heritage. By 2050 they will account for 1.0 percent of the U.S. population.
The country's population distribution by sub-group shows a disparity in life expectancy caused by:
In the next several decades, the percentages should change, resulting in a decrease in the white majority and proportionate increases in the percentages of minority elderly.
Transgenerational homes and products can help maintain those active lifestyles, activities and independence. They help you accommodate—and attract—their swelling purchasing power.